The land of the Dancing Deer

 

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HORTICULTURE AND SOIL CONSERVATION: BISHNUPUR DISTRICT


           Location and Extent 

The district is located between 24.19 and 24.54 North Latitude and 93.42 ° east to 93.53 ° east longitude. The district is bounded by Imphal district on the north, Thoubal and Imphal Districts on the east, Senapati and Churachandpur district on the west and Churachandpur to the south. There are all together 2 (two) blocks in the district namely Bishnupur and Moirang. The District Headquarter is at Bishnupur. The total area of the District is 530 sq. km.
           Climate and Rainfall 

The district comes under humid sub-tropical moderate climate. The soil is moderately fertile with clay and loam soil. The temperature ranges from a minimum of 0 ° c during January and a maximum of 38.5 ° c during May/June. The total annual rainfall ranges from 685.8 mm to 2027.4 mm.
            Horticulture Programme 

Growing of horticulture crops is one of the most important occupation of Bishnupur district. The main aspect of horticulture is to minimise the consumption of food (rice) by growing nutritive crops like vegetables, fruits, oil seed and pulses etc.
  
           Horticulture programme taken up during the year 2000 – 2001 by this district.
  
1. Area expansion programme :- (Fruits and Vegetables) :- Under this programme is to increase the fruits and
    vegetables production in the district and an additional area will be brought during the 10th. plan. The main
    objective of this programme is to step up the production and productivity of fruits and vegetable crops by
    making available good quality planting materials of high yielding varieties, supply of critical inputs to improve
     productivity of old/neglected orchard, up-gradation of extension techniques for better education of farmers
     on modern cultivation methods. This scheme is aimed at development of horticultural fruit and vegetables
     and others seasonal crops.
2. Improving Productivity/ maintenance of old orchard. :- In this programme old orchards have become
   damaged for want of appropriate management practice. Due to non-availability of inputs by the common   
    fruit growers. The assistance shall be provided for replanting nutritional disorder, plant protection including 
    use of anti/heilnests to small and marginal farmers for an area of 0.5 ha..This assistance shall be provided to
    the same plot for a minimum of 3 (three) years to demonstrate the benefit of appropriate management
     practice on production.
     
3. Demonstration:- It is proposed to lay out demonstration plots in the potential state at block level/ sub
    divisional level during the 10th. plan period. Each demonstration plot will be an area of 10 Sq. m.
4. Root Crops:- To promote the cultivation of root and tuber crops during 10th. plan period under C.S.S.
(i) Demonstration :- It is proposed to lay out demonstration plots in the potential state at block level/ sub divisional level during the 10th. plan period. Each demonstration plot will be an area of 1000 Sq. m. which will be demonstrate the cultivation of popular roots and tuber crops (Tepioca, Sweet Potato, Colocasia and Yam).

(ii) Minikit:- The minikit consisting of planting materials, fertilisers and p.p chemical and hand out in the local
     language will be distributed. Each minikit will be covered an area of 800 Sq. m.
5. Soil Conservation Programmes:- 
    i. Land Development Scheme:- This programme will be taken up in small and marginal farmers.
      The main objective of this scheme are :
   ii. Land smoothening to improve the density of moisture conservation.
   iii. Construction of contour key line, inception of bunds.
   iv. Daed – furrows formation across the slope of encourage maximum moisture absorption and preventing
       soil erosion. Besides, other measures like strengthening of minor irrigation. land development component is
       also an important measure that would benefit small and marginal farmers. And leads to increase production
       by improving the productivity of the lands.
   v. Water harvesting structure:- This scheme is being taken up in the area of selected watersheds to improve
      incentive to the farmers to propagation of water harvesting technology in the rainfed areas. Water
      harvesting structures provides substantial water reservoir which would be utilised in irrigation at the critical
       stages of crops. This will help to increase artificial discharge of ground water to retain the optimum amount
      of water in the soil profile and will also reduced the run off. 
   vi. Loktak Catchment area (LCA) :- Objects of LCA is to control erosion for non agricultural discarded 
        landsand water resources for development and check the siltation at Loktak Lake.
        In this scheme plantation of horticulture crops and construction of brush0wood Dams and Terrace taken
        up are highly necessary. 
     
1. Training Programme :- Organisation of demonstration followed by farmer’s Training Programme. In this
     programme departmental experts deliver lecture to the small and marginal farmers on use of modern
     technology.
2. Mushroom Cultivation :- This scheme is aimed at increasing production of cultivable varieties of Mushroom
     in the state by the local powers through departmental experts.
3. Use of Plastics in Agriculture :-
       a. Green House :- A green house is usually a framed structure covered with transparent or translucent
           materials i.e. U.V film stabilised film large enough for person to work inside to carry out cultural
           operations in which crops may be grown under condition of partial to fully controlled environment.
    Aim and Object:- (i) Crops can be grown under adverse climatic condition throughout the year.
                               (ii) High value and high quality crops generate higher income to the farmers.
                               (iii) Offers scope for successful nurseries.
4. Increase opportunity for commercialization of Agriculture and Horticulture.
      a. Mulching :- One of the most successful uses of plastic film is agriculture in mulching. Mulching means 
          covering of Soil around the various materials like hay, dried leave stone have been needed centuries as
          natural to conserve the moisture. The use of plastic a mulch in each impermeable which prevent
         discharge/ evaporation of moisture from the soil.
      b. Drip Irrigation:- Drip irrigation also termed "trickle irrigation" involves the slow application of water, drop
          by drop as the name signifies, to the root zone of a crop. This method is very much suited to arid regions
          and is being followed for irrigating orchard crop at present.
  
PHYSICAL  PROGRESS  REPORT  OF  ANNUAL  PLAN 2000-2001.
Name of Department :- Office of the District Officer (H&SC) : Bishnupur.
Sl. No. Items   Unit  Target  Achievement  Total Achievement  Location 
1. Integrated Development of fruits for the year 1999-2000
1. Plantation of tree bean  ha. 45 ha.  30 ha. 30 ha. Haotak tampha khunou, Khoijuman tabi, Leingang tabi, Majuron, Thenjang, Nungshai, Leimaram, Thiyam andParengba
2. Est. of small nursery ha. 0.4 ha. 0.4 ha 0.4 ha. Irengbam Village
3. Maintenance of fruits ha. 40 ha. .25 ha.  25 ha. Haotak tampha khunou, Gelmon, Keibul chingmei Chingningkhon, Majuron, Nungshai, Ishok, Ngaikhong khunou, Wainem. 
2. Integrated Programme for development of spices (Chillies)
a. Chilli Demonstration Cum Multiplication plot assistance towards 50 % cost limited for the year 1998-1999 nos. 35 nos. 25 nos.   Ngaikhong Siphai, Ngaikhong khunou, Keinou thongkha, Yumnam khunou, Nungang, Wainem, Phubala, Bishnupur, Thinungei, Moirang, Kwakta, Kumbi, Upokpi, Borayangbi and Thangalawai
b. Chilli Demonstration Cum Multiplication plot assistance towards 50 % cost limited for the year 1999-2000 nos. 35 nos. 25 nos.   Kwasiphai, Bishnupur, Phubala,Moirang khunou,Tera Khongshangbi,Khoijuman tabi, Irengbam ,Oinam,Ngaikhong Khunou.
c. Minor seed spices Demonstration for the year 1998-1999. nos.   15 nos.   Khoijuman, Toubul, Bishnupur, Utlou, Kakyai, sanjenbam, Ishok, Kabowakching, Borayangbi, Saiton, Moirang Khunou, Phougakchaoikhai and Tera Khongshangbi
d. General program on distribution of P.P equipment for the year 1998-99 nos. 15 nos. 12 nos.   Bishnupur, Khoijuman, Ngaikhongshiphai, Moirang lamkhai,Ngangkhalawai, Nambol,Ngaikhong khunou, phubala and Thinungei. 
3.  Farmer’s training programme under CSS mushroom cultivation for the year 1996-97 nos. 20 trainee 20 trainee 20 nos.  
4. Development of roots and tuber crops for the year 1998-99
a) Demonstration (1000 Sq.m) nos  5 nos  2 nos  2 nos Waroiching Village
b) Minikit (800 Sq.m) nos 15 nos 10 nos 10 nos Tarangpokpi, Ngangkhalawai, Nungshai, Ishok, Thounoujam, Keirenphabi,Khudekpi and Okshongbung.
c) Demonstration for the year 1999-2000 nos 10 nos 5 nos 5 nos Naranseina, Nungshai, Chothe and Thiyam
d) Minikit nos. 15 nos 12 nos 12 nos Bishnupur, shantipur,Leingangtabi, Nungshai, Ishok, Chaiba, Keinou, Nganukon, Toronglaobi and Thinungei. 
  
ANNUAL ACTION PLAN 2001-2002 PROPOSE PROGRAMMES/PROJECTS IN RESPECT OF BISHNUPUR DISTRICT.
  
Name of Department :- Office of the District Officer (H&SC) : Bishnupur.
  
Sl.No. Name of Schemes/Project (Item) Unit  Target
1. Fruit Crop Plantation:-Integrated programme for development tropical arizon and temperate fruits.
1.Pineapple  ha. 100 ha.
2.Citrus/Lime/Lemon ha. 50 ha.
3.Orange ha. 30 ha.
4.Gauva ha. 30 ha.
5. Papaya ha. 20 ha.
6.Jack Fruit ha. 20 ha.
7.Tree Bean ha. 100 ha.
8.Peach/Plum/Pear ha. 50 ha.
2. Vegetable
i. Minikit programme on production of vegetable nos. 900 nos.
ii. Demonstration 
a. Cabbage (Pride of India)
b. Cauliflower (Snow Ball)
c. Khol Khol (Snow White)
d. Radish9Japanese white)
e. Brinjal(Mukta Kesi)
f. Tomato(avantika)
g. Pea(Arkel)
h. French Bean (Contender)
i. Bhindi (Pusa Swami)
j. Onion (Nashik red)
nos. 10 nos.
3. Area Expansion Programme for vegetable production:
1. Minikit Programme Nos 1050 nos
2. Demonstration Programme Nos 15 nos.
4. Integrated Programme for Dev. of Spicies
i. Chillies (10 Sq.m./Unit) Nos. 200 units
ii. Minor spices (corriander) Nos. 30 units
iii. Ginger dev. Scheme Nos. 50 units
iv. Turmaric dev. scheme Nos. 50 units
v. General programme on distribution of p.p equipment
a) Demonstration cum seed multiplication
Nos. 100 units
100 units
5.  Mushroom Cultivation
i. Farmer’s Training Programme nos. 100 nos.
:ii. Mushroom Cultivation Programme nos.  30 plots
6. Roots and Tuber Crops
i. Minikit (800 sq.m./unit nos. 100 plots
ii. Demonstration (1000 sq.m./unit)  nos. 40 plots
7. Soil and Water Conservation
a. Land Dev. works Ha. 100 ha.
b. Water Harcesting
  i) Const. of ponds
 ii)Const. of Dam
nos.
nos.
40 ha. 
20 nos.
c. Macro water Shed Project nos. 4 nos.
d. Dev. of Catchment Area H.a 100 ha.
8. Betalvine Dev. scheme : (10 Sq. m./Unit)  nos.  50 nos.
9. Plastic Culture
i) Mulching.  Ha. 10 Ha.
ii) Green House (UV Film) nos. 50 nos.
iii) Drip irrigation nos. 10 nos.